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Themistokles Lazarides ORCID logo, Evaggelos Drimpetas ORCID logo, Georgios Kyriazopoulos ORCID logo


The inactivity of banks may be the result of a number of events, such as merger & acquisition (M&A), liquidation, default-bankruptcy, etc. All these phenomena of inactivity contribute to the same result, the reform of the European banking sector and they may have the same causes.
The paper will address the issue of inactivity and will try to detect its causes using econometric models. Six groups of indicators are examined: performance, size, ownership, corporate governance, capital adequacy or capital structure and loan growth. Three econometric methods (Probit, Logit, OLS) have been used to create a system that predicts inactivity.
The results of the econometric models show that from the six groups of indicators, four have been found to be statistically important (performance, size, ownership, corporate governance). Two have a negative impact (ownership, corporate governance) on the probability of inactivity and two positive (performance, size). The paper’s value and innovation is that it has given a systemic approach to find indicators of inactivity and it has excluded two groups of indicators as non-statistically important (capital adequacy or capital structure and growth).

Keywords: Mergers, Liquidations, Bankruptcy, Banks, Europe

How to cite this paper: Lazarides, T., Drimpetas, E., Kyriazopoulosr, G. (2015). Mergers, liquidations and bankruptcies in the European banking sector. Risk governance & control: Financial markets & institutions, 5(2), 52-70.