THE IMPACT OF FISCAL AND MONETARY POLICIES ON UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN NIGERIA (MANAGERIAL ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE)Download This Article
This paper investigates the impact of fiscal and Monetary Policies on Unemployment Problem in Nigeria and covers the periods 1980 to 2013. To achieve this, fiscal policy was captured here by government expenditures and revenues respectively while monetary policy was proxied by broad Money Supply (M2), Interest and Exchange rates respectively. The methodology adopted was econometric analysis employing OLS techniques and unit roots of the series were examined using the Augmented Dickey-Fuller after which the co-integration tests was conducted using the Engle Granger approach. Error correction models were estimated to take care of the short run dynamics. It was found that while government expenditure had a positive relationship with unemployment problem in Nigeria, the result of government revenue was negative and insignificant on unemployment problem. For monetary policy, it was found that money supply and exchange rate had positive and significant impact while interest rate has only a positive relationship on unemployment problem in Nigeria. This meets the a priori expectation. The study also revealed that increases in interest and exchange rates escalate unemployment by increasing cost of production which discourages the private sector from employing large workforce. On the other hand, national productivity measured by real GDP had a negative and significant impact on unemployment rate in Nigeria. This paper recommends that for an effective combat to unemployment problem in Nigeria, there should be a systematic diversion of strategies, thus more emphasis should be laid on aggressively pursuing entrepreneurial development and increased productivity. Again government should aggressively focus on investment, employment generation and economic growth that has mechanism to trickle does to the masses.
Keywords: Fiscal, Monetary, Unemployment Rate, Unit Root, Productivity Global Recession
How to cite this paper: Attamah, Т., Igwe, A., Ukpere, U. (2015). The impact of fiscal and monetary policies on unemployment problem in Nigeria (managerial economic perspective). Risk governance & control: Financial markets & institutions, 5(2-1), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.22495/rgcv5i2c1art4