Analysis of community activity restriction policy (PPKM) during the COVID-19 pandemic

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Dadang Hartanto ORCID logo, Nasrullah Hidayat ORCID logo

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The purpose of this study was to determine community activities during the implementation of the activity restriction policy (Indonesian: Pemberlakuan Pembatasan Kegiatan Masyarakat, PPKM) during the COVID-19 pandemic in Medan city. The type of research method is a quantitative descriptive study using a survey design. The instrument used in this research is a questionnaire. The sampling technique was using accidental sampling so that the number of samples obtained was 790 people. The findings of this study are that the characteristics and economic activities of the people of Medan city during the implementation of PPKM are in the essential sector of as many as 423 respondents (53.6%). Quantitatively, this figure is high because it is above 50% when compared to the non-essential sector, which is less than 367 respondents (47.4%). PPKM officers need to ensure that employees who do not work in the office are for non-essential sector companies that run work from home (WFH) to avoid the spread of COVID-19. The selection of appropriate policies and public obedience to government policies related to activity restrictions can break the chain of the spread of COVID-19 in Medan city.

Keywords: Enforcement, Restriction Policy, Economy, Pandemic

Authors’ individual contribution: Conceptualization — D.H. and N.H.; Methodology — N.H.; Formal Analysis — N.H.; Validation — N.H.; Visualization — D.H. and N.H.; Writing — Review & Editing — D.H. and N.H.; Project Administration — D.H. and N.H.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

JEL Classification: G18, G38, H83, J61, J78

Received: 20.10.2021
Accepted: 13.04.2022
Published online: 15.04.2022

How to cite this paper: Hartanto, D., & Hidayat, N. (2022). Analysis of community activity restriction policy (PPKM) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Governance & Regulation, 11(2), 134–143.