Corporate governance mechanisms and earnings quality: Is firm size a moderation variable?

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Badingatus Solikhah ORCID logo, Agus Wahyudin ORCID logo, Mamdouh Abdulaziz Saleh Al-Faryan ORCID logo, Nadia Novita Iranda, Ain Hajawiyah ORCID logo, Chia-Ming Sun ORCID logo

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The main objective of this research is to analyze the influence of independent commissioner, audit committee, managerial ownership, and institutional ownership on earnings quality. This study also observes the role of a firm’s size as a moderating variable. Using specific considerations, the number of the sample is reduced to 20 out of 144 companies from manufacturing companies listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange during 2013–2016. The data analysis in this research used moderating regression. The results show that managerial ownership affects positively toward quality of the earnings. The firm’s size has proven to be able to strengthen the influence of managerial ownership and institutional ownership on earnings quality. Overall, this study reveals that the implementation of good corporate governance has been obliged by the government, but the supervisory function has not been executed optimally so it is not fully able to affect earnings quality. The results of this study contribute to both investors and potential investors in investment decisions. This paper suggests considering managerial and institutional ownership and company size since the variable is proven to be able to improve earnings quality.

Keywords: Earning Quality, Cash Flow, Firm Size, Audit Committee, Independent Commissioner, Institutional Ownership, Managerial Ownership, Corporate Governance

Authors’ individual contribution: Conceptualization — B.S.; Methodology — A.W.; Software — N.N.I. and A.H.; Validation — B.S. and M.A.S.A.-F.; Formal Analysis — B.S. and A.W.; Investigation — B.S.; Resources — M.A.S.A.-F., N.N.I., and A.H.; Data Curation — N.N.I. and A.H.; Writing — Review & Editing — M.A.S.A.-F.; Visualization — C.-M.S.; Supervision — C.-M.S.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

JEL Classification: G32, G38, M41, M48

Received: 22.07.2021
Accepted: 09.02.2022
Published online: 11.02.2022

How to cite this paper: Solikhah, B., Wahyudin, A., Al-Faryan, M. A. S., Iranda, N. N., Hajawiyah, A., & Sun, C.-M. (2022). Corporate governance mechanisms and earnings quality: Is firm size a moderation variable? [Special issue]. Journal of Governance & Regulation, 11(1), 200–210.