Transformation of null legal actions: An analytical study

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Rami Ali Wishah, Yousef Abdallah AlGherbaw, Iyad Mohammad Jadalhaq ORCID logo

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This research addresses and analyzes the transformation of invalid legal actions into valid ones to reduce the phenomenon of invalidity of legal dispositions, which achieves stability in civil transactions. Most of the legislation has sought to do so. The analytical methodology followed the text of Article 142 of the Palestinian Civil Code No. 4 of 2012. This research sheds light on the theory of the transformation of invalid legal actions in Palestinian Civil Law by analyzing the relevant legal texts and showing their accuracy and effectiveness to arrive at an appropriate formula for the legal text. Accordingly, the research problem is to determine whether the legislator was accurate in drafting Article 142 of Palestinian Civil Law and whether it needs to be amended. This shall be done by analyzing this legal text and clarifying its accuracy through the explanation of the definition and conditions of the transformation of invalid legal actions. The research concluded that the legislator was not accurate in drafting this legal text, and an amendment has been proposed, besides other results.

Keywords: Palestinian Civil Law, Invalid Legal Actions, Transformation, Nullity, Voidability, Original Act

Authors’ individual contribution: Conceptualization — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Methodology — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Validation — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Investigation — R.A.W. and Y.A.A.; Resources — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Data Curation — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Writing — Original Draft — R.A.W. and Y.A.A.; Writing — Review & Editing — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Visualization — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Supervision — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.; Project Administration — R.A.W., Y.A.A., and I.M.J.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

JEL Classification: K1, K100, K120, K150

Received: 02.07.2022
Accepted: 09.03.2023
Published online: 13.03.2023

How to cite this paper: Wishah, R. A., AlGherbawi, Y. A., & Jadalhaq, I. M. (2023). Transformation of null legal actions: An analytical study [Special issue]. Journal of Governance & Regulation, 12(1), 272–281.