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Wuchun Chi, Chung-Yuan Hsu ORCID logo, Wan-Ying Lin


Board members may well be responsible for dissension between themselves and shareholders since they are simultaneously the setters and receivers of both board remuneration and dividends. They may act out of their own personal interests at the expense of external shareholders. We investigate the impact of ownership structure, board structure and control deviation on payment asymmetry, where excessively high remuneration is paid to board members but considerably lower dividends are distributed to shareholders. We find strong evidence confirming that the smaller the shareholdings of
board members and outside blockholders are, the more asymmetric the payments are. With controlling family members on the board and a higher percentage of seats held by independent board members, there is a slight reduction in the likelihood and severity of payment asymmetry. In addition, it is abundantly clear that the larger the board seat-control deviation is, the greater is the likelihood and severity of payment asymmetry. While prior research has primarily focused on board-manager agency issues, the board-shareholder perspective could be even more important in that it is the board that is the most directly delegated agent of shareholders, not the managers.

Keywords: board effectiveness, payment asymmetry, board compensation, ownership and board structure, control deviation

How to cite this paper: Chi, W., Hsu, C.-Y., & Lin, W.-Y. (2008). Board effectiveness: Investigating payment asymmetry between board members and shareholders. Corporate Board: role, duties and composition, 4(1), 6-23.