CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND PERFORMANCE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

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Juliet Wakaisuka-Isingoma

DOI:10.22495/cocv16i1c1art8

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Abstract

The role of banking and insurance as an animated component of any economy has been widely recognized in the evolution of literature (Shrutikeerti & Amlan, 2017). The financial liberalization efforts taken by various developing economies had the central bearing on their financial institutions (Shrutikeerti & Amlan, 2016). The development of insurance and banking sectors play an important role in stimulating financial development and consequently the growth of the economy. Enhancing firm performance predicted through ownership structure, information disclosure, financial transparency and board profile safeguards reputation, yields effective risk management systems and yet helps firms achieve their business objectives. The study employed a sample of 103 financial institutions and adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey design with a Pearson correlation coefficient. Reliability, validity and exploratory factor analysis with principal components and Cronbach’s alpha as well as hierarchical regression was reasonable for analysis but also directed using the Partial Least Square (PLS) modelling which was helpful in attesting the measurement and structural models appropriate for the performance of financial institutions. Reveal a statistically significant and positive relationship between corporate governance and firm performance. PLS modelling assented the structural and measurement models and recognized that corporate governance is statistically significant and predict firm performance through its different constructs of information disclosure, financial transparency, and ownership structure and board profile. Equally, firm performance demonstrated that management efficiency, earnings quality, asset quality, capital adequacy and liquidity were key dimensions. The study was cross-sectional and a longitudinal study is necessary to understand the dynamics of corporate governance and firm performance over a period of time. The results extend the understanding of the role of corporate governance in promoting firm performance in financial institutions. Additionally, the results add evidence to the growing body of research focusing on interdisciplinary aspects as well as the relationship between corporate governance and firm performance. Overall, there is a significant positive relationship between corporate governance and firm performance.

Keywords: Corporate Governance, Firm Performance, Financial Institutions, Uganda

JEL Classification: G30, G32, G34

Received: 03.05.2018

Accepted: 17.12.2018

Published online: 18.01.2019

How to cite this paper: Wakaisuka-Isingoma, J. (2018). Corporate governance and performance of financial institutions. Corporate Ownership & Control, 16(1-1), 203-216. http://doi.org/10.22495/cocv16i1c1art8