CONTEMPORARY FINANCIAL REPORTING AND INTANGIBLE RESOURCES: IMPLICATIONS FOR CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

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Hugh Grove, Mac Clouse

DOI:10.22495/cgobr_v3_i1_p4

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Abstract

The key question of this paper is what are the implications for corporate governance from the emergence of contemporary financial reporting and intangible resources? Going beyond traditional financial reporting, Boards of Directors and corporate executives should investigate the intangible resources of contemporary financial reporting. What intangible resources are causing the huge price to earnings (PE) ratio gap and the huge market to book (M/B) ratio gap for their companies? Possibly such gaps are driven by global brand names, global licensing, customer loyalty, product quality, and product innovation. Unfortunately, the short-term focus upon traditional financial reporting by both Wall Street and corporate executives to “make the numbers”, i.e. short-term (quarterly), predicted numbers, has damaged firms’ competitiveness. Such damages include postponing or cutting expenditures on emerging technologies, advertising, research and development, employee training, and maintenance expenses. Research has shown that such earnings management techniques are relatively futile efforts since a consensus earnings miss by a company generally produces an insignificant 1.5% to 2% share price drop. Boards of Directors should inform corporate executives accordingly. To offer solutions to these issues and implications for corporate governance, this paper is divided into the following sections: the emergence of contemporary financial reporting; asset value migration: the power of intangibles; top five future business value drivers: all intangibles; forward looking measures for intangible resources; market gaps: “old economy” versus “new economy” companies; global brands and global licensing; hidden intangible values made visible; international perspectives on contemporary financial reporting; and conclusions.

Keywords: Financial Reporting, Intangible Resources, PE Ratio, Market to Book Ratio

JEL Classification: G3, G30

Received: 24.01.2019
Accepted: 11.04.2019
Published online: 12.04.2019

How to cite this paper: Grove, H., & Clouse, M. (2019). Contemporary financial reporting and intangible resources: Implications for corporate governance. Corporate Governance and Organizational Behavior Review, 3(1), 39-47. http://doi.org/10.22495/cgobr_v3_i1_p4