Instructions for authors
Papers must be written in English. Submit a paper to the managing editor Valeriia Syromlia by e-mail: info[at]virtusinterpress.org,firstname.lastname@example.org; and a copy to the Co-Editor: email@example.com. The paper must be submitted in a form of MS Word or LaTeX file. You will receive the letter confirming we received your submission within three days, if that does not happen, please contact us again.
Upon acceptance of a paper, authors will be asked to provide the publisher the possibility to publish the paper and disseminate it after publishing. Also, the authors are free to upload their papers to various repositories, use them in the educational process, in their research etc.
Authors, who submit their papers to the Journal automatically agree that their manuscripts will be checked with the Crossref Similarity Check Service to ensure originality of their submissions.
It is responsibility of the authors to ensure that the paper corresponds to all requirements of the Journal.
Submissions to the journal should be original unpublished work and should not be under review with any other journal. The authors should follow the international standards of responsible research publication promoted by Committee on Publication Ethics. The detailed requirements are available in Chapter “Publication ethics”. Manuscript reviews are blind so authors names need to be removed from all submitted manuscripts.
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).
Submissions should be sent in *.doc, *.docx, *.rtf, *.tex or any other editable format. We also accept papers in *.pdf. The submission should consist of the entire paper without author affiliations or acknowledgements and a one page document with that information included.
The cover page of manuscript should contain
- Title – concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.
- Name(s) and institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s) – please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
- Name, postal address, phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author – clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication. Please note that in the journal we indicate only the postal address of the corresponding author. It is our policy to protect authors from illicit and spam e-mails. Contact e-mail of the authors can be obtained from the editorial office with the previous agreement of the author.
ORCID ID distinguishes you and ensures your research outputs and activities are correctly attributed to you, improves recognition and discoverability for you and your research outputs and a lot more. We ask at least corresponding authors of the manuscripts to provide their ORCID identifier during the submission process.
- Abstract – In order to enhance the readability of the manuscript, please provide an abstract for each submission. The Abstract is a summary of the content of the journal manuscript; a time-saving shortcut for busy researchers and a guide to the most important parts of your manuscript’s written content. In most cases the abstract is the only part of your article that appears in indexing databases so it will be the most accessed part of your article; making a good impression will encourage researchers to read your full paper. During peer review, referees are usually only sent the abstract when invited to review the paper. Therefore, the abstract needs to contain enough information about the paper to allow referees to make a judgement as to whether they have enough expertise to review the paper and be engaging enough for them to want to review it. Your Abstract should answer these questions about your manuscript: What was done? Why did you do it? What did you find? Why are these findings useful and important? Answering these questions lets readers know the most important points about your study, and helps them decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper. Make sure you follow the proper journal manuscript formatting guidelines when preparing your abstract. The abstract should contain a problem statement, an outline of research approach (methodology), a statistical sample and conclusions. The advisable length of the abstract is 150-200 words.
- Keywords – immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ’and’, ’of’). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
- Classification codes – please provide up to 5 standard JEL codes.
- We recommend including an acknowledgement that recognizes the importance of contributions made by other researchers to the paper submitted (that have not been included in the paper authorship) or organisations (universities, grants, etc.) which provided funds for conducting the research.
- Author Contributions section (“CRediT” taxonomy of contributor roles).
- Declaration of Conflicting Interests – please include such a declaration at the end of your manuscript after any Acknowledgements, under the heading ’Declaration of Conflicting Interest’. If no conflict exists, please state that ’The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) states in its Guidelines on Good Publication Practice (2003) that: ‘Conflicts of interest arise when authors, reviewers, or editors have interests that are not fully apparent and that may influence their judgments on what is published. They have been described as those which, when revealed later, would make a reasonable reader feel misled or deceived.’
Structure of the paper
The approximate length of the paper should amount to 5000-10,000 words or 25-40 typed pages. The paper should be divided into clearly defined and numbered structural parts (e.g. 1. Introduction, 2. Literature review, 3. Research Methodology, 4. Results, 5. Discussion, 6. Conclusion).
Tables and illustrations quality
Figures should be of clear quality, in black and white and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Tables should be typed and included as part of the manuscript. There should be a possibility to edit the tables.
Equations should be numbered consecutively beginning with (1) to the end of the paper, including any appendices. The number should be enclosed in parentheses and set flush right in the column on the same line as the equation. It is this number that should be used when referring to equations within the text. Equations should be referenced within the text as "Eq. (x)." When the reference to an equation begins a sentence, it should be spelled out, e.g., "Equation (x)."
Formulas and equations should be created to clearly distinguish capital letters from lowercase letters. Care should be taken to avoid confusion between the lowercase "l"(el) and the numeral one, or between zero and the lowercase "o." All subscripts, superscripts, Greek letters, and other symbols should be clearly indicated.
In all mathematical expressions and analyses, any symbols (and the units in which they are measured) not previously defined in nomenclature should be explained. If the paper is highly mathematical in nature, it may be advisable to develop equations and formulas in appendices rather than in the body of the paper.
Please use Microsoft Equation add-in or the Math Type add-in in the MS Word. Equations should be editable.
The list of references should pay special attention to the works of the recent years. References to other publications must be in APA (American Psychological Association) 6th addition style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables your readers to exploit the Reference Linking facility on the database and link back to the works you have cited through CrossRef. You should include all author names and initials and give any journal title in full. You should cite publications in the text: using the first author’s last name (Adams, 2006), or both names for works by two authors (Adams and Brown, 2006), or the first author’s last name followed by “et al. “for works by multiple authors (Adams et al., 2006).
At the end of the paper, there should be supplied a reference list in an alphabetical order:
- For books: Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher., e.g. Sayre, Rebecca K., Devercelli, A. E., Neuman, M.J., & Wodon, Q. (2015). Investment in early childhood development: Review of the world bank’s recent experience. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
- For journals: surname, initials, (year). title of article. journal name. volume (number), pages, e.g. Esen, E., & Collison, J. (2005). Employee development survey report. Society For Human Resource Management, 4(1), 4-25. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
- For electronic sources: if available online the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference.