IMPACT OF GENDER AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION OF SOUTH AFRICAN BOARDS OF DIRECTORS ON INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL PERFORMANCEDownload This Article
This study examines the association between the gender and ethnic composition of boards of directors and firm performance in a transitional nation. In contrast to prior research that largely focuses on firm performance within a financial context, this study concentrates on intellectual capital performance. Using data collected from 84 South African, empirical results indicate a positive association between the percentage of female and non-white directors on the board and a firm’s intellectual capital performance. Additional analysis shows the designation of female directors as an insider has a negative effect of intellectual capital performance. Designation of female and non-white directors as outsiders, meanwhile, has a positive influence on a firm’s intellectual capital performance. Finally, there was no association between the percentage of non-white inside directors on the board and intellectual capital performance.
Keywords: Intellectual capital performance; board structure; transitional economy; gender; ethnic background
How to cite this paper: Van der Zahn, J-L. W. M. (2006). Impact of gender and ethnic composition of South African boards of directors on intellectual capital performance. Corporate Board: role, duties and composition, 2(1), 7-22. https://doi.org/10.22495/cbv2i1art1