Operation management of rural banks of local government in the emerging market: An assessment of agency conflict or social responsibility

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Widiyanto ORCID logo, Partono Thomas, Arief Yulianto ORCID logo, Ita Nuryana ORCID logo, Ahmad Nurkhin ORCID logo


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Rural banks with local government ownership as majority shareholders aimed to increase public welfare and earn profits. state-owned banks (also state-owned enterprises (SOEs)) also have agency conflict, which may increase due to increased political content. Post-merger and acquisition (Post-M&A) due to the COVID-19 pandemic increases rural bank risk in lending. The research objective is to determine the impact of increased risk on rural bank lending. Data were collected from 32 annual reports of rural banks in Indonesia. Documentation was used to collect the data. Loan deposit ratio (LDR) is the dependent variable, the risk is the independent variable, and capital adequacy ratio (CAR), net profit margin (NPM), and return on equity (ROE) as the control variables. The technique of analyzing data is an analysis of covariance. The result show banks with below average risk have a greater difference (0.0393) than above average risk (0.0347). Another result indicates that LDR is not determined by the bank’s health or the business risk of the debtor. Government demands through financing in local government, and it ignores risks and produces risk-taking behavior of managers. The government, as the majority shareholder, has a more effective monitoring role. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) oriented to society demand has been produced from rural banks owned by the government.

Keywords: Agency Conflict, Social Responsibility, Rural Bank, Local Government Ownership

Authors’ individual contribution: Conceptualization — W., A.Y., and P.T.; Methodology — W. and A.Y.; Software — A.Y. and A.N.; Validation — W. and P.T.; Formal Analysis — W. and I.N.; Investigation — W. and A.Y.; Resources — I.N. and A.N.; Data Curation — I.N. and A.N.; Writing — Original Draft — W. and I.N.; Writing — Review & Editing — W. and A.Y.; Visualization — A.Y. and A.N.; Supervision — I.N. and A.N.; Project Administration — I.N. and A.N.; Funding Acquisition — W. and P.T.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

JEL Classification: G20, G21, G28, G34, G38

Received: 28.06.2022
Accepted: 18.01.2023
Published online: 20.01.2023

How to cite this paper: Widiyanto, Thomas, P., Yulianto, A., Nuryana, I., & Nurkhin, A. (2023). Operation management of rural banks of local government in the emerging market: An assessment of agency conflict or social responsibility. Corporate Governance and Organizational Behavior Review, 7(1), 44–50. https://doi.org/10.22495/cgobrv7i1p4